The expulsion of Polish Jews from Germany fall Jews from eastern Europe, mostly from Russian and Polish territory, had been coming to Germany since the 19th century, driven from their homes by anti-Jewish laws, pogroms and poverty. In there were approximately 50, Jews with Polish citizenship living in Germany. Not infrequently they had been settled there for several generations; many had been born in Germany and considered it home.
January 28 German Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher resigns.
Franz von Papen is named vice-chancellor. Judische Jugenhilfe established in Berlin. February 3 Hitler presents Lebensraum program. He receives 80, letters of support a week, about 70 percent from Protestants.
His editorials often parallel those of the Nazi press. He is friendly with several U. February 20 Hitler wins over a group of leading German industrialists at a meeting designed for that purpose.
February 27 The Reichstag building German parliament is set ablaze. The Nazis are quick to blame the fire on Communists. February 28 Hitler convinced President von Hindenburg to invoke an emergency clause in the Weimar Constitution.
The decree suspended the civil rights of Nazi opponents in the German constitution. These rights included freedom of speech, assembly, press, and formed the basis for the prohibition of Nazi opponets to have judicial procceedings.
All Communist Party members of the Reichstag are arrested. One Berlin man is given 50 lashes for being a Communist and 50 more for being a Jew. He will remain as president throughout the Holocaust. March 5 The Nazis win of seats in the Reichstag election.
During the last free election in Germanyostensibly called to obtain a vote of confidence, the Nazi Party wins nearly 44 percent of the popular vote, more than twice as many votes as the next closest political party, the Social Democrats, with 18 percent.
Individual German states are stripped of power. March 21 Special Nazi courts are set up to deal with political dissidents. The Day of Potsdam--the first opening of a Nazi-controlled Reichstag. It was the only concentration camp to remain in operation from until Bythe SS had taken over the administration of the entire Nazi concentration camp system.
Bythe Nazis will build more than camps.
April 1 A boycott of all Jewish shops in Germany instigated by the S. This action was also directed against Jewish physicians, lawyers and merchants. Jewish students were forbidden to attend schools and universities. Due to international outrage and the apathy of many non-Jewish Germans, Hitler orders the boycott limited to a single day.
April 7 Hitler approves decrees banning Jews and other non-Aryans from the practice of law and from jobs in the civil service Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service. Jewish government workers in Germany are ordered to retire.
April 11 The German government begins employment and economic sanctions against Jews that are widely perceived as being racially based. One parent or grandparent classifies the descendant as non-Aryan Similar extra-legal discrimination against Jews already exists in the United States.
Hitler claims that he is only doing to the Jews what the Catholic Church has already done to them for years.From the beginning of Nazi rule, Joseph Goebbels, Hitler’s Minister for Propaganda and National Enlightenment, orchestrated a relentless public campaign of hatred against German Jews.
He developed the use of mass media as a calculated instrument for the incitement of racial hatred. The history of the Jews in England goes back to the reign of William the Conqueror.
The first written record of Jewish settlement in England dates from The Jewish settlement continued until King Edward I 's Edict of Expulsion in The Jews in Nazi Germany suffered appallingly after January Some rich Jews could afford to leave Nazi Germany (or were forced to) but many could not.
Thugs in the SA and SS were given a free hand in their treatment of the Jews. The forceful expulsion of Jews from the German Reich at the end of October is mentioned in literature in context with the pogrom against the Jews on 9 and 10 November , the “Reichskristallnacht”.
Throughout the country's stormy history - from the Roman period through the present - Jews have lived in France, their fate intimately tied to the various kings and leaders.
King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion for all Jews from England.
The Nazi German persecution started with the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses in , reached a first climax during Kristallnacht in and culminated in the Holocaust of European Jewry.