Share via Email Refugees and migrants are helped by volunteers as they arrive in Lesbos in Greece. What is the scale of migration? Numbers are sharply down from their peak because of a EU deal with Turkeynew border fences in the Balkans, and a bilateral arrangement between Italy and Libyabut tens of thousands of people are still trying to reach Europe. Overland arrivals in Greece have climbed sharply to 14, a three-fold increase on the same period last year.
Saudi Arabia 10 As the year drew to a conclusion, the major democracies were mired in anxiety and indecision after a series of destabilizing events. At the same time, Russia, in stunning displays of hubris and hostility, interfered in the political processes of the United States and other democracies, escalated its military support for the Assad dictatorship in Syria, and solidified its illegal occupation of Ukrainian territory.
And unscrupulous leaders from South Sudan and Ethiopia to Thailand and the Philippines engaged in human rights violations of varying scale with impunity.
No such assumption, it seems, is entirely safe. Of the 11 countries that received trend arrows calling special attention to developments of major significance, only one denotes improvement. Colombia — Colombia received an upward trend arrow due to the peace process between the government and left-wing FARC guerrillas, leading to a reduction in violence.
Mozambique — Mozambique experienced an increase in political tensions and violence, including the abuse of civilian populations by security forces. Nicaragua — Nicaragua received a downward trend arrow due to the expulsion of opposition leaders and lawmakers, plus government efforts to silence journalists and academics.
South Sudan — South Sudan received a downward trend arrow due to the collapse of a peace deal, the resumption of civil war, and egregious human rights abuses against citizens by government forces and others.
Turkey — Turkey received a downward trend arrow due to the security and political repercussions of the July coup attempt, which led to mass arrests and firings of civil servants and other perceived enemies.
Assad, with crucial assistance from Russia, Iran, and a multinational array of Iranian-backed Shiite militias, clearly regained the initiative in the five-year civil war, whose grinding violence has killed hundreds of thousands of people and displaced millions more. Since the war began, each new horror has appeared to deter rather than motivate a coordinated international response.
The conflict has only grown more complex and intractable, however, and democratic governments continue to reap the consequences of their hesitation. The enormous refugee flows and IS-inspired terrorism generated by the Syrian conflict have played an important role in the weakening of democratic standards in Europe and the United States.
Arrivals of asylum seekers in Europe declined inlargely due to the hardening of borders in the Balkans and an agreement between the EU and Turkey in which Ankara pledged to block irregular departures.
But the drop in numbers failed to stem anti-refugee rhetoric, as European political leaders routinely smeared those fleeing conflict zones as criminals, rapists, and terrorists.
Having put down the coup, the government imposed emergency rule that resulted in the arrest of nearly 40, civilians, the imprisonment of dozens of journalists for their work, the shuttering of hundreds of media outlets and nongovernmental organizations NGOsthe arrest of the leaders and hundreds of officials from the third-largest party in the parliament, and the firing of more than a hundred thousand civil servants.
Terrorism continued to fuel political upheaval in Europe and the United States despite major territorial losses suffered by IS and other extremist groups such as Boko Haram. France, Belgium, and Germany endured high-profile terrorist attacks, an IS-inspired mass shooting struck the U.
Several European governments reacted by adopting laws that gave enhanced powers to security forces and eased constraints on surveillance.
More ominously, persistent fears over the upsurge in terrorist attacks stoked public hostility toward Muslim minorities and immigrants, deepening existing social rifts and threatening civil liberties.
In fact, both Beijing and Moscow stepped up efforts to reshape the world in their own image. In China, the Communist Party regime led by President Xi Jinping tightened its grip with the adoption of new laws and regulations on cybersecurity, foreign nonprofits, and religious affairs.
Heavy sentences handed down to human rights lawyers, microbloggers, grassroots activists, and religious believers dealt an additional blow to those seeking to improve conditions in the country. The Chinese government similarly adopted a hostile attitude toward Taiwan after the local opposition party, which opposes unification with China, swept to victory in presidential and parliamentary elections.
And Beijing has intensified its pressure on governments in the region to return those who have fled China to escape persecution, especially members of the Uighur Muslim minority.
Russia followed a comparable pattern, combining domestic repression with an ambitious program of regional intimidation and long-distance political sabotage. Moscow also deepened its interference in elections in established democracies through a strategy that combined support for populist and nationalist parties, theft and publication of the internal documents of mainstream parties and candidates, and the aggressive dissemination of fake news and propaganda.
The American election The success of Donald Trump, an outsider candidate who challenged the mainstream forces of both major parties, demonstrated the continued openness and dynamism of the American system.
It also demonstrated that the United States is not immune to the kind of populist appeals that have resonated across the Atlantic in recent years. The government passed legislation that has politicized public media, neutered the constitutional court, handed the security services sweeping powers of surveillance, and restricted the right of public protest.Find the United States economic freedom report in the Index of Economic Freedom.
The report includes the US population, GDP, unemployment, inflation, government spending and more. The constitution introduced freedom of religion to an extent largely unprecedented in the Arab world. It guarantees freedom of belief and of conscience for all religions, as well as for the nonreligious, and bans campaigns against apostasy and incitement to hatred and violence on religious grounds.
Imagine a life where you had no freedom to speak what was on your mind, and imagine what it would be like to live in a world like this.
Freedom of Speech Analysis and Significance. because there are some people in the society today that think there is only one side to things. Faurisson was a Holocaust denier, and even though many . Oct 19, · Most people, when they think of the definition of freedom, they think of Liberty, which includes freedom of speech.
The definition of liberty is having the ability to act according to your own will, as long as it doesn't affect the ability of someone else to act according to their own leslutinsduphoenix.coms: Find the United States economic freedom report in the Index of Economic Freedom.
The report includes the US population, GDP, unemployment, . Freedom in the World is Freedom House’s flagship annual report, assessing the condition of political rights and civil liberties around the world.
It is composed of numerical ratings and supporting descriptive texts for countries and 14 territories. equally useful to scholars and practitioners interested in the state of democracy and.